Thermal analysis has become a major aspect in many modern design processes. Most fluid flows, materials, parts and structures have temperature dependent characteristics that have an impact on the strength, performance and temperature level. Tools like Finite Element Analysis (FEA) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) can provide important information which are hard to obtain with analytical calculations or physical measurements.
Heat transfer analysis
Thermal simulations are used for research & development, quality control and failure analysis, but also for regular design. Parts which are generating heat or are subject to external heat sources, like batteries for electric vehicles, electronic components on PCB's or solar boilers, all have benefit in decent research in efficient heat dissipation and temperature management.
Thermal analysis also contains the analysis of fluid flows and the heat transfer in fluids and between fluids and solids. Those analyses are often used for assessing chemical and pharmaceutical processes and for the development of innovative renewable-energy projects.
Two typical tools are used for thermal analysis: Finite Element Analysis (FEA) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD).
Thermal analysis with FEA
Thermal analysis with FEA allows for solving the heat transfer in or between solids. Heat transfer mechanisms such as convection, conduction and thermal radiation can be calculated. Convection and thermal radiation however, are explicitly defined by the analyst, and are not calculated by the FEA software.
Heat transfer analysis with FEA is mainly used in cases where the heat convection coefficient can be assumed constant over the part's surface or when the coefficient is known with sufficient accuracy.
Thermal analysis with FEA also allows to calculate thermal expansion and structural stresses due to thermal gradients in the part.
Thermal analysis with CFD
When Computational Fluid Dynamics is used to perform a thermal analysis, the heat transfer between a fluid and a solid can be calculated, as well as the convection within the surrounding fluid itself.
The convection between a fluid and one or more solid parts is calculated by the software and can take away the uncertainty around the variation of the heat transfer coefficient by performing an accurate analysis of the fluid flow. The local velocities along the part's surface and the occurrence of turbulence in combination with temperature dependent properties of the fluid all have an impact on the convective heat transfer and are calculated with CFD with high precision.
Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI)
Structural deformations and stresses due to temperature variations in a component can be calculated with FEA. The temperature values can come from a thermal analysis done with FEA, or from a CFD analysis. In the latter case, the CFD and FEA solvers are coupled and temperature (and fluid pressure) results are shared. This coupled analysis is called a Fluid Structure Interaction (FSI) analysis.
The team of experts from Quadco Engineering is ready to support and advice you
The engineering team at Quadco Engineering has extensive experience with performing heat analyses with FEA and CFD. Do you want to know how we can help solving your thermal problems, then contact us today at contact for an offer or to set up a meeting to discuss your needs.